Invenios uses a laser-engraving process to apply barcodes, alphanumerics, fiduciary marking, and logos to any glass, plastic or silicon chip. The size of the marking can be adjusted to fit the surface of the chip. Identification marks can be made as either two-dimensional codes or as a single dimension (flat) codes. Fiduciary marking provides alignment features important for automated microscopes. Barcodes and alphanumerics provide traceability for any chip created in our factory as well as in the marketplace. We can even place the barcode permanently within the substrates. We can also microscopically mark glass on the surface without inducing any fracture pattern.